Fall of Berlin Wall a "triumph" says minister who used to guard it

A Kirk minister has revealed that he used to sleep just yards away from the Berlin Wall which dramatically fell 30 years ago today.

Former soldier Rev Peter Sutton spent four months patrolling the guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided the German city and cut it off from the rest of East Germany from 1961 to 1989.

Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall meant part of the city was an island in a communist sea between 1961-1989.

The minister of St Cuthbert's Parish Church in Edinburgh was a platoon commander with the 1st Battalion Black Watch.

He was responsible for 30 men whose job it was to protect the British sector of Berlin up until just a few months before the Wall was torn down in ecstatic scenes of jubilation as the reunification of Germany became a reality.

Ironically, Mr Sutton, 54, was on UK soil in a heavily fortified army patrol base surrounded by "huge breeze block walls" when he, along with his platoon sergeant, watched one of the most historic and public demonstrations of unity unfold on television.

He said: "I really enjoyed my tour in West Berlin because it was an exciting, vibrant place to be.

"Our role was to ensure that the Russians did not take over the city and make it part of East Germany.

"It was a city full of ‘spies' and an exciting posting everyone wanted because historically it linked you back to all those War Films and Commando Comics we had grown up with.

"I was stationed there until a few months before the Wall fell and although Berlin did not feel dangerous per se, people were still being shot if they came over it.

"You would not climb over it for a joke."

Rev Peter Sutton
Rev Peter Sutton with his Black Watch Glengarry and souvenir piece of the Berlin Wall.

Mr Sutton said the Wall, erected by the German Democratic Republic, ran behind the base where he was stationed and one barrack in the compound could not be used by the British because it was technically in the Russian sector of the city.

"Visitors would stay in the officers mess and we would go to the Wall with them and chip off a bit of it for them to keep as a souvenir," he added.

Mr Sutton, who two years previously guarded Berlin's Spandau Prison where Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolph Hess was held, said he visited East Berlin often.

"It was a different world with a different mind-set and was like going back in time by 30 years," he recalled.

"It was grey and drab, nothing really had been repaired and you came back with a splitting headache because of all the fumes from the fuel used in Trabant cars.

"I speak a little German and I remember one time when I was in my uniform a little girl pointed at my kilt and asked her mother ‘why is that man wearing a skirt?'

"She couldn't explain because she did not know what Scotland was or anything about our national dress.

"It was not part of how they were educated."

Checkpoint Charlie
A young Peter Sutton in front of Checkpoint Charlie - the name used by Western Allies to the best-known crossing point between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War.

The minister, who attended the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, said a Russian officer he met gave him an inkling something significant was about to happen just before he left.

"There was a British military train that connected Berlin to West Germany and travelled through the iron corridor and my job as train officer was to present passports for inspection," he recalled.

"I was chatting with the inspecting Russian officer and asked him if he thought we would be doing this in 20 years' time and he said ‘I think there are about to be big changes' and a couple of months later the Wall came down."

Mr Sutton said his platoon had moved to South Armagh in Northern Ireland by then and he and his men watched the coverage on television in a heavily fortified base.

"It was a great moment of celebration but quite poignant and we sat there and thought, if they can tear down barriers in Europe, what on earth is going on in Northern Ireland where communities are divided and we are surrounded by huge breeze block walls and in constant danger?" he said.

Black Watch Berlin Wall
A piece of personal history for Rev Peter Sutton

Mr Sutton, a married father with five daughters, said two key periods of history that his generation in the British Army were part of was the Cold War and the Troubles in Northern Ireland.

"For me, the fall of the Berlin Wall symbolised triumph and hope over potential disaster, a bit like that piece of beautiful music, Beethoven's Ode to Joy," said the minister who is speaking in a personal capacity.

"Watching it come down was a joyful moment and historically, if you were to follow the pattern of the Cold War it should have ended in mutually assured destruction.

"People realised that was not the way to go and it was much better to tear down barriers and make it open and possible for people to engage and travel amongst each other.

"But here we are on the cusp of leaving the European Union and I think barriers are being built again which is very sad, particularly in the case of Northern Ireland which has paid a heavy price for peace and reconciliation.

"For today's political class, which on the whole never really got involved in the Cold War or the Troubles in Northern Ireland, to put that in jeopardy for their own ends is incredibly disingenuous and disrespectful."

Brandenburg Gate
Rev Peter Sutton returned to Berlin years later and took great pleasure walking through the Brandenburg Gate with a group of young people.

Mr Sutton served with the Black Watch for 10 years - elevating to the rank of Captain - and his last posting was in Hong Kong when the British territory was handed over to China.

He then went on to be the headmaster of Ardvreck School in Crieff, Perthshire and years later returned to Berlin with a group of pupils.

Mr Sutton, who was a school chaplain before entering the ministry full time in 2017, said: "The Wall that I used to guard ran through the middle of the Brandenburg Gate and it was a beautiful moment to go back and walk through it with the next generation."